Most of us have experienced acne one way or another. Those painful, swelling red pustules may be gone from our lives, but their remnants are still seen on our skin as scars. Even though it is easy to cover these scars with our favourite double coverage foundation, but it’s every woman’s dream to have naturally flawless and radiant skin.
Before we think about how to reduce these pesky acne scars, we need to know what causes acne scars. When we pick our acne, acne lesions can rupture, causing skin to be inflamed. The skin tries to repair the damage done to it by forming new collagen fiber, resulting in acne scarring. But there are more reasons why your acne scars are still on your face.
From genetics to excess oil buildup, we tell you seven ways in which acne scars are exacerbated or formed more severely.
What Causes Acne Scars?
1. Picking at your pimples
Ever heard your mum shouting at you to stop picking at your pimples from the other end of the house? Well, mother knows best. Touching or squeezing our pimples can irritate small acne lesions. In addition, it can push infected material deeper into the pores, thus traumatising the tissue.
To repair the tissue damaged more severely by the picking, the skin forms collagen fibers. When there is overproduction of collagen fibers, raised acne scars are formed. On the other hand, when not enough collagen fibers are produced, pitted acne scars are formed.
2. Severely inflamed acne
Inflammatory acne such as acne cysts and nodules are more likely to create long term and severe scarring. This is because they affect deeper layers of the skin.
What causes acne scars? There isn’t a gene that one can inherit from her parents which results in her having more acne, but acne is strongly genetic.
One study found that a person is four times more likely to have acne if a first degree relative has history of acne.
In addition, some families have higher tendency to produce dead skin cells excessively, thus resulting in clogged pores and acne. Genetics also influences how their immune system responds to acne related bacteria. When one has acne as a result of her genetics, she naturally is more likely to have acne scarring.
4. Not treating your acne
Infection arises from the combination of bacteria, oil and dead skin cells. Then, blackheads and whiteheads are formed. When they do not mix with dirt, they remain as whiteheads. If they mix with dirt, they will become blackheads.
If the blackheads and whiteheads are not properly treated, they can become scars. Additionally, scarring occurs with heavily inflamed lesions. If we do not take action to treat the acne such as washing our face regularly or applying acne cream, those ugly acne scars can form!
5. Excessive oil buildup
Our pores need to breathe for our skin to look healthy and supple. When our pores become inflamed with excess oil and bacteria, they are unable to breathe. Thus, acne and acne scarring is more likely to occur.
Some of us are more prone to oily skin, so it is important we cleanse our skin at least twice a day. Our skin will thank us for that!
6. Picking at scabs
Not only is it tempting to pick at our pimples, but it is also difficult to resist the temptation of picking at our scabs. However, this is one of the answers to what causes acne scars.
Scabs are our body’s natural way of protecting our wound as it heals. If we pick and pluck away the protective scab, then the healing process of our acne wound is delayed. Thereafter, acne scarring will appear more severe.
7. Not exfoliating our skin
Exfoliating our skin means physically scrubbing our skin to remove dead skin cells and impurities. Or we can eliminate them chemically using acid as well.
Acne treatments such as applying acne cream and cleansing our skin can be more effective when we exfoliate our skin as the treatment can penetrate deeper. Scrub away those tiny beads on your face to get that beautiful, smooth complexion!
Be careful not to exfoliate too hard such that your acne is irritated, leaving behind more severe scars.
After understanding what causes acne scars, we can think of some simple and quick ways to fade those scars. Have a delicious experience indulging in these yummy food stuff to achieve that clean and clear skin!
Now, if you do not have time to visit a dermatologist or wish to fade your acne scars at home, here are five home-remedies that actually work to reduce acne scarring and restore your beautiful, flawless skin.
5 Home-Remedies To Reduce Acne Scarring
1. Baking soda
Baking soda are in the form of tiny grains so they can act as a natural physical exfoliator on your face, eliminating dead skin cells. Blackheads or whiteheads are less likely to form, thus reducing the tendency of acne scarring if they are not properly treated.
In addition, baking soda is naturally alkaline so they can work to restore the pH of your skin. Thereafter, acne and acne scarring can be better combated and prevented.
Mix one tablespoon of baking soda with one tablespoon of water and apply the mixture to your face. Do this daily and see your skin slowly turning clear and glowing.
2. Onion extract
It’s hard to think that the extract from onion that make our tears flow can also act as a scar fader, but it can!
Onion extract contains bioflavonoids such as cepalin and kaempferol which can be the reversal potion to what causes acne scars. Apply onion extract to your acne scars daily until you see desired results.
Lemon is known for its skin lightening property, so it can act to reduce the appearance of acne scarring. Furthermore, it contains alpha hydroxy acids that have healing property and aid in new cell growth.
Cut open a lemon and rub its juicy part on your acne scars. Leave it on for 15 minutes before rinsing off the sour juice.
4. Shea butter
Shea butter is the natural ingredient from Shea nuts and it can relieve you of what causes acne scars. It is not only hydrating for the skin as it contains 60 percent of fats but it absorbs into the skin very easily.
This soft and luxurious moisturiser is known to help reduce stretch marks on pregnant women, so it can also reduce acne scarring. Try to avoid shea butter found in stores as they tend to contain fragrance and additives that can irritate your skin and cause more acne.
5. Aloe vera
Lastly, this soothing fruit can remove excess oil and dead skin cells when applied on your skin. This reduces the clogging of pores, thus acne is less likely to form. In addition, aloe vera contains polysaccharides and giberellins that can help with the healing of scarred skin.
Extract some aloe vera from freshly cut aloe leaves. Apply some aloe directly on your acne scars to get that radiant and healthy complexion in no time!